Basic Life Support Worksheets

ILCOR Code

RECOVER Code

Issue

PICO Question

Priority

WS Author(s)

Comments

BLS-005A

BLS01

Chest compression only CPR

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does compression only CPCR (I) when compared with traditional CPCR (C) improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

1

Dr. Matt Mellema

 

BLS-006A

BLS02

Compression depth

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does any specific compression depth (I) as opposed to a comparator (C), improve outcome (O) (eg. ROSC, survival)?

 

1

Dr. Steven Epstein

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BLS-023A

BLS03

Compression ventilation ratio

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does the use of a specific C:V ratio (I) compared with standard care (30:2) (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

1

Dr. Deanna Purvis

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BLS-026A

BLS04

Compression first vs. ventilation first

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does the use of compressions first (CAB) (I) compared with ventilations first (ABC) (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O).

 

1

Dr. Matt Mellema

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BLS-032A

BLS05A

 

 

BLS05B

Hand placement

(A) In small dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), do circumferential chest compressions (I), compared to lateral chest compressions (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival)(O)?
(B) In medium and large sized dogs with cardiac arrest (P), does placing hands over the highest point of the chest for chest compressions (I), compared to placing hands over the heart for chest compressions (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival)(O)?

 

1

 

1

Dr. Kate Hopper

 

Dr. Kate Hopper

Click

 

Click

BLS-007B

BLS06

Positioning of victim for chest compressions

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does performing chest compressions with the animal in dorsal recumbency (I) compared to lateral recumbency (C), improve outcome (O) (eg. ROSC, survival)?

 

3

Dr. Kate Hopper

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BLS-034A

BLS07

Chest compression rate

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does the use of any specific rate for external chest compressions (I) compared with standard care (i.e. approximately 100/min) (C), improve outcome (e.g., ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

1

Dr. Diana Schropp

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BLS-045A

BLS08

Chest wall recoil

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does optimizing chest wall recoil (I) compared with standard care (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

1

Dr. Claire Sharp

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ALS/BLS-CPR&A-082A

BLS09

Interposed abdominal compression  CPCR

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does the use of Interposed abdominal compressions-CPCR (I) compared with standard CPCR (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

2

Dr. Jennifer Hess

 

BLS-051A

BLS11

Harm from CPCR to victims not in arrest

In dogs and cats that are NOT in cardiac arrest (P), how often does provision of chest compressions (I), lead to harm (eg rib fracture) (O)?

 

2

Dr. Steven Epstein

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BLS-053A

BLS12

Timing of CPCR cycles (2 min vs other)

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does the use of any other specific timing for interruptions to chest compressions to diagnose the rhythm (I), as opposed to the recommended technique of every 2 minutes (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival )(O)?

 

2

Dr. Kate Hopper

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BLS-003A

BLS13

Differentiation of cardiac arrest from other causes of unresponsiveness

In dogs and cats that are unresponsive (P), are there any specific factors (I) as opposed to standard assessment (C), that increase the likelihood of diagnosing cardiac arrest (as opposed to non-arrest conditions (eg post-seizure, hypoglycemia, intoxication) (O)?

 

1

Dr. Todd Duffy

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BLS-052B

BLS14

Ventilation inspiratory  time and volume

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does providing ventilation with a 1 second inspiratory time and tidal volume of about 10 mL/kg (I), compared with other inspiratory times and tidal volumes (C), improve any outcomes (including ventilation, oxygenation) (O)?

1

Dr. Reid Nakamura

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ALS-CPR&A-013B

BLS15

Ventilation rate

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does a ventilation rate of 10 breaths per minute (I), as opposed to any other ventilation rate (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

1

Dr. Ricardo Irizzary*
Dr. Megan Seekins*

Click

BLS-053A

BLS18

Fatigue

In veterinary CPR providers (P), does performing CPR for an extended period of time (e.g. 5 minutes) (I), compared to a short time (e.g. 1 minute) (C), impair quality of CPR (eg. chest compression depth, leaning, compression rate) (O)?

 

3

Dr. Kate Hopper

Click

NOT COMPLETED AT THIS TIME

N/A

BLS10

Abdominal counter pressure

In dogs and cats found with cardiac arrest (P), does constant abdominal pressure (with or without pelvic limb constriction) during CPCR (I), compared with standard CPCR (C), improve survival (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

3

 

 

ALS/BLS-CPR&A-088A/B
ALS/BLS-CPR&A-079A

BLS16

Mouth to snout or mask ventilation

In dogs and cats with cardiac arrest (P), does bag-mask/mouth-to-snout ventilation (I) compared to ventilation via endotracheal intubation (C) improve any outcomes (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

3

 

 

N/A

BLS17

Out of hospital arrest

In dogs and cats found with witnessed cardiac arrest OUTSIDE of a hospital environment (P), does bystander CPCR (eg. mouth-to-muzzle ventilations and chest compressions) prior and/or during transportation to a hospital facility (I), compared to transportation without CPCR (C), improve outcome (eg. ROSC, survival) (O)?

 

3